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What is a herniated disc?



A herniated disc is when a disc in the neck compresses a nerve causing pain. A disc is circualr tissue that sits between each vertebra in the spine. A herniated disc is when something causes the disc to protrude outwards from between the vertebrae. It is this protrusion that compresses the nerve and causes pain.


Mobilisations to the cervical vertebrea to releive pain and stiffnessAbove: Mobilisations to the cervical vertebrea to releive pain and stiffness



What causes a herniated disc?



A disc is made up of soft tissue surrounded by a tough lining. A herniated disc occurs when the tough lining is damaged and the soft tissue protrudes through the damage, compressing the nerve. The damage to the lining can be caused by:
  • Wear and tear
  • Trauma

What are the symptoms of a herniated disc?



A herniated disc compresses the nerves in the neck. Some of these nerves travel into the arm so symptoms can present in the neck and the arm. Symptoms can include:
  • Pain in the neck, shoulder or arm
  • Pain inhibited movement
  • Muscle weakness
  • Pins and needles
  • Numbness




Passive stretches and mobilisations by a physiotherapist of muscle and cervical vertebrea to relieve stiffness and painAbove: Passive stretches and mobilisations by a physiotherapist of muscle and cervical vertebrea to relieve stiffness and pain



Physiotherapy for a herniated disc



Physiotherapy is very beneficial for a herniated disc and can relieve symptoms. At Physio.co.uk our physiotherapists will assess and treat you as an individual. Treatment may include:
  • Heat therapy
  • Ultrasound
  • Postural advice and exercises
  • Range of movement exercises
  • Stretching exercises
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Mobilisations



Passive stretch applied to trapezius muscle by therapistAbove: Passive stretch applied to trapezius muscle by therapist




Can a herniated disc cause any long-term effects?



Physiotherapy generally provides a successful outcome for most patients. However injections or surgery would be considered for patients that are still suffering pain even after physiotherapy intervention.




Assessment of the cervical spine, muscles and connective tissues in the neck performed by an experienced PhysiotherapistAbove: Assessment of the cervical spine, muscles and connective tissues in the neck performed by an experienced Physiotherapist



To arrange an assessment with Physio.co.uk please contact us or call 0330 088 7800.


Call us on: 0330 088 7800
Phone: 0330 088 7800
Call us on: 0330 088 7800
Mobile: 0330 088 7800
Email us on: office@physio.co.uk
Contact us by post: Our addresses
 
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