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Physiotherapy for fractures
What is a fracture?
A fracture and a break have the same definition. The word fracture is the orthopaedic medical term for a break in the bones continuity. There are many injury mechanisms for fracture occurrence and some people can be at a greater risk of developing a fracture, such as those who have osteoporosis. Fractures can be classified into groups dependent upon the type of fracture. A fracture will get two classifications, firstly the type of fracture and secondly a classification informing of the amount of soft tissue damage. This is known as the Tscherne Classification.
How are fractures classified?
Fractures can be classified on the type and severity of break within the bones continuity. The classifications are:
Paediatric complications of fractures
Complications can arise after a child fractures a bone. If the fracture site is close to a growth plate then damage may have occurred. This can lead to an early closure of the growth plate, resulting in the bone not growing to its intended length.
Surgical treatment or Conservative treatment
There are predominately two ways to manage fractures which are:
Please contact us or call 0161 883 0077 to arrange an appointment.
Stages of Healing
There are 5 main stages of fracture healing. They are listed below explaining how Physiotherapy can assist at which stage:
Stage 1: Haematoma formation (one – two days)
Stage 2: Inflammation process (one-five days)
Physiotherapy can give advice and assist speed the inflammation process using different treatments which could include electrotherapy. Due to the early stage of the healing process the fracture will usually be immobilised for several weeks, therefore limiting treatment.
Stage 3: Soft Callus formation and dead tissue removal (four days – three weeks)
The plaster cast may be removed to the later period of this stage. Physiotherapy can again aid deal with swelling and pain through electrotherapy, such as LIPUS to stimulate bone regeneration.
Stage 4: Hard Callus formation, bone is re-united (two – twelve weeks)
Physiotherapy is essential at this stage as the plaster cast will be removed and the rehabilitation process of the fracture site can begin. Physiotherapy may include the following techniques:
How Physiotherapy helps
Physiotherapy after a fracture is a key stage of the rehabilitation process. Physiotherapy helps with the following:
Fractures can be complicated injuries which can cause lasting deliberating effects without the correct rehabilitation. The healing process is a long one where Physiotherapy interventions can be beneficial for the individual. Manchester Physio has experience qualified Physiotherapists who have aided the rehabilitation of many people with different fractures. Please contact us or call 0161 883 0077 to arrange an appointment.
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